The demise of the Federated Farmer-Labor Party did not mean an end to the Farmer-Labor Party movement, however.  Dorothy Day was an American journalist, social activist and devout Catholic convert who advocated the Catholic economic theory of distributism.  Berkman and Goldman soon came under the influence of Johann Most, the best-known anarchist in the United States and an advocate of propaganda of the deed—attentat, or violence carried out to encourage the masses to revolt.
Frustration with abolitionism, spiritualism and labor reform caused Lum to embrace anarchism and to radicalize workers, as he came to believe that revolution would inevitably involve a violent struggle between the working class and the employing class. , The Second Red Scare is a period lasting roughly from 1950 to 1956 and characterized by heightened fears of Communist influence on American institutions and espionage by Soviet agents. The expelled members formed the Communist Labor Party and the Communist Party of America.
Miller, pp. This trio explored the possibility of establishing a colony to seed the future “Cooperative Commonwealth” in the Cumberland plateau of Tennessee. After visiting three socialists imprisoned in Canton, Ohio, Eugene V. Debs crossed the street and made a two-hour speech to a crowd in which he condemned the war.  He was immediately arrested and soon convicted under the Espionage Act. As a leader within the socialist movement, Debs' movement quickly gained national recognition as a charismatic orator. The widespread use of the word socialism as a political epithet against the Obama government by its opponents caused National Director Frank Llewellyn to declare that "over the past 12 months, the Democratic Socialists of America has received more media attention than it has over the past 12 years". This use of the word had little to do with government ownership of any means of production, or the various socialist parties, as when William Allen White attacked presidential candidate William Jennings Bryan in 1896 by warning that "[t]he election will sustain Americanism or it will plant Socialism".  Since the late 19th century, conservatives had used the term "socialism" (or "creeping socialism") as a means of dismissing spending on public welfare programs which could potentially enlarge the role of the federal government, or lead to higher tax rates. Monopoly Capital: An Essay on the American Economic and Social Order is a book by Paul Sweezy and Paul A. Baran published in 1966 by Monthly Review Press.
, By the 1880s, anarcho-communism had reached the United States as can be seen in the publication of the journal Freedom: A Revolutionary Anarchist-Communist Monthly by Lucy Parsons and Lizzy Holmes. The military, which saw strikers as dangerous insurgents, intimidated and threatened them. SDUSA sponsored a biannual conference that featured discussions, for which SDUSA invited outside academic, political and labor union leaders. The group had trouble reaching financial stability and many members left as their leader George Ripley turned more and more to Fourier's doctrine. Anarchism circulated within the movement along with other radical ideologies. The financial crisis of 1873, along with falling crop prices, increases in railroad fees to ship crops, and Congress’s reduction of paper money in favor of gold and silver devastated farmers’ livelihoods and caused a surge in Grange membership in the mid-1870s.  The Knights comprised in essence "one big union of all workers". As Hay became more involved in his Mattachine work, he correspondingly became more concerned that his homosexuality would negatively affect the CPUSA, which did not allow gays to be members. The store proved successful and operated for three years, after which it was closed so that Warren could pursue establishing colonies based on mutualism.  Common Struggle—Libertarian Communist Federation or Lucha Común—Federación Comunista Libertaria (formerly the North Eastern Federation of Anarchist Communists; the NEFAC, or the Fédération des Communistes Libertaires du Nord-Est) is a platformist anarchist communist organization based in the northeast region of the United States. , The first socialist to hold public office in the United States was Fred C. Haack, the owner of a shoe store in Sheboygan, Wisconsin. as the lover and mentor of early anarcha-feminist Voltairine de Cleyre. The Board included an equal number of members from labor and business and included leaders of the AFL.
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