Various forces affiliated with Fatah engaged in combat with Hamas, in numerous gun battles. Virginia Page Fortna (2004) Peace time: cease-fire agreements and the durability of peace Princeton University Press. In fact, unlike the Seleucids, the Ptolemies do not appear to have been great city builders. About 4,000 were soldiers and the rest were civilians. The rise of the Likud party to the government in 1977 led to the establishment of a large number of Israeli settlements in the West Bank. In the first two decades of Zionist immigration, most of the opposition came from the wealthy landowners and noblemen who feared they would have to fight the Jews for the land in the future.. The Deir Yassin massacre took place on April 9, 1948, when around 120 fighters from the Irgun Zevai Leumi and the Israeli Stern Gang Zionist paramilitary groups attacked Deir Yassin near Jerusalem, a Palestinian Arab village of roughly 600 people. ʿAbbāsid rulers encouraged the settlement and fortification of coastal Palestine so as to secure it against the Byzantine enemy. In December 1945 the league declared a boycott of Zionist goods. It is time for these settlements to stop." Egyptian rule was generally repressive. , On May 14, 1948, one day before the British Mandate expired, Ben-Gurion declared "the establishment of a Jewish State in Eretz-Israel, to be known as the State of Israel". The conference ended with the issuing of a joint statement from all parties. The 2 main Jewish leaders, Chaim Weizmann and David Ben-Gurion had convinced the Zionist Congress to approve equivocally the Peel recommendations as a basis for more negotiation. Approximately 150,000 Arabs remained in Israel when the Israeli state was founded.
 260,000 reached Israel in 1948–1951, 600,000 by 1972.. For various reasons, the Umayyads paid special attention to Palestine. provided that "Independent Arab and Jewish States and the Special International Regime for the City of Jerusalem, should come into existence in Palestine two months after the evacuation of the armed forces of the mandatory Power has been completed but in any case not later than October 1, 1948 ....", The approval of the plan sparked attacks carried out by Arab irregulars against the Jewish population in Palestine. In the three years following the war, about 700,000 Jews immigrated to Israel from Europe and Arab lands, with one third of them having left or been expelled from their countries of residence in the Middle East.
Following Obama's Cairo speech Netanyahu immediately called a special government meeting.
Petty states, and some indeed not so petty, emerged in different parts of the realm.
After the death of Antiochus Epiphanes in 164 bce, the numbers of claimants to the Seleucid throne made a continuous policy toward Palestine impossible, because each claimant felt the need to seek support wherever it might be found. This was the backdrop to his agitation concerning Jewish rights at the Western (Wailing) Wall that led to the bloody riots of August 1929. Its goal was the liberation of Palestine through armed struggle.
The fighting continued until July 1971 with the expulsion of the PLO to Lebanon. The Arabs were horrified by the idea of dismembering the region and particularly by the suggestion that they be forcibly transferred (to Transjordan).
Although it signified the birth of a national identity, the revolt was unsuccessful in many ways.
These restrictions remained until the end of the mandate period, a period which occurred in parallel with World War II and the Holocaust, during which many Jewish refugees tried to escape from Europe.  Their Druze allies left them through defection. He died, however, before he could witness the results of these undertakings. An Israeli Commission of Inquiry found that Israeli military personnel, among them defense minister and future prime minister Ariel Sharon, had several times become aware that a massacre was in progress without taking serious steps to stop it, leading to his resignation as Israel's Defense Minister. At Panion, on the northern boundary of Galilee, the armies of Antiochus and Ptolemy met, and Ptolemy was defeated. Umayyad rule ended in 750. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids!
Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! The Zionist attitude toward partition, though ambivalent, was overall one of cautious acceptance. In 259 Zenon was sent to Palestine and Syria, where his master had commercial interests. Palestine was omitted from the promise, first planned to be a joint British-French domain, and after the Balfour Declaration in November 1917, a "national home for the Jewish people". Palestinian historians since the 1960s who have used historical methodologies have not had the same impact on Arab society as Israeli New Historians did in Israeli society. This is due, in part, to fear that critical analysis of their role in the war might weaken the Palestinian position in the ongoing Israeli–Palestinian conflict.
 The original PLO Charter stated the desire for a Palestinian state established within the entirety of the borders of the British mandate prior to the 1948 war (i.e.
This was unacceptable to both Arabs and Jews. Simha Flapan, 'Zionism and the Palestinians', 1979, Special UN commission (April 16, 1948), § II.5, Nafez Nazzal (1978) The Palestinian exodus from Galilee, 1948 Institute for Palestine Studies, pp 18 & 36. Wealthy Palestinians lived in the towns of the eastern and western sides of the Jordan River, competing for positions within the government, while the fellahin filled the UN refugee camps.
Palestine - Palestine - From Alexander the Great to 70 ce: To Alexander, Palestine was, as to many before him, a corridor leading to Egypt, the outlying Persian province.
11 members of the Israeli team were taken hostage by Palestinian terrorists. Yishuv
Antiochus invaded Egypt in 170 or 169 bce, returning to Syria by way of Jerusalem, where he and his army despoiled the Temple of all its wealth. He promoted the Muslim character of Jerusalem and ... injected a religious character into the struggle against Zionism.
, The Israeli operation began with an intense bombardment of the Gaza Strip, targeting Hamas bases, police training camps, police headquarters and offices.
Later on the proposal was formulated as a political plan widely accepted by all Arab states as well as the Arab League. Jewish industry in general was given immense impetus by the war, and a Jewish munitions industry developed to manufacture antitank mines for the British forces.
Soon after the UN resolution, fighting broke out in Palestine. In fact, however, it was under Seleucid rule that the great uprising of the Jewish people, the revolt of the Maccabees, occurred.
Following the King David Hotel bombing (in which the Irgun blew up the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, the headquarters of the British administration), which shocked the public because of the deaths of many innocent civilians, the Jewish Resistance Movement was disassembled in 1946. The Zionists mobilized their forces and redoubled their efforts to bring in immigrants. In Judaea proper the Jews seem to have been virtually exterminated, but they survived in Galilee, which, like Samaria, appears to have held aloof from the revolt.
The success of these operations coincided roughly with the failure of an Arab attack on the Zionist settlement of Mishmar Ha ʿEmeq; the death in battle of an Arab national hero, ʿAbd al-Qādir al-Ḥusaynī, in command of the Jerusalem front; and the massacre, by Irgunists and members of the Stern Gang, of civilian inhabitants of the Arab village of Dayr Yāsīn.
During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, around 10,000 Jews were forced to evacuate their homes in Palestine or Israel. The U.S. State Department basically supported the British position, but Truman was determined to ensure that Jews displaced by the war were permitted to enter Palestine. After the Gulf War, Kuwaiti authorities forcibly pressured nearly 200,000 Palestinians to leave Kuwait.
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